Seit gestern ist es sicher: Wir haben einen Prätendenten. Ob es der 77-Jährige schafft, den 74-Jährigen auch tatsächlich im Amt abzulösen, hängt jedoch vom Obersten Gerichtshof ab, und das auch nicht zum ersten mal. Es bleibt also spannend. Spannend ist auch die Frage, was eigentlich geschieht, wenn sich die Gerüchte um die geistigen Aussetzer des Prätendenten verdichten und berechtigte Zweifel an seiner Amtsfähigkeit aufkommen?

 

 

Die Antwort steht im 25. Zusatzartikel der Verfassung der Vereinigten Staaten:

Section 3
Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.

Was zu geschehen hat, wenn der Amtsinhaber nicht mehr in der Lage ist, ein solches Schreiben zu verfassen, oder sich schlichtweg weigern sollte, freiwillig aus dem Amt zu scheiden, steht im nächsten Absatz:

Section 4
Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President. Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.

Beim Spiegel wird schon mal die künftige Nachfolgerin gefeiert. Glückwunsch!